Over the centuries, countless cellars and passageways have been cut into the sandstone bedrock of the castle hill.
Thanks to the stability of the sandstone, it was possible to create extensive cellar systems up to four storeys deep. From 1380 on, these subterranean galleries were used for the production and storage of beer. In addition, underground passageways, whose precise location was veiled in secrecy, were part of the city’s water-supply system. Ventilation was provided by strategically situated air shafts.
During World War II, these cellars served as air raid shelters for the population of Nürnberg.
Tours of the historic rock-cut cellars are offered four times daily.